Soukenická No. 40
Description of the Building:
A one-storey row house with a saddle roof, perpendicular to the street. The facade is divided by four axis originating from about 1800, the period of Classicism; it has an early Baroque gable. The layout of the ground floor - an irregular three-aisle disposition, the layout is similar on the top floor.
Architectural and Historical Development:
The house is of Gothic origin; the medieval development might have run in two stages: the older one connected with the stone vaulting of cellars below the right side of the house, and the younger one connected with the brick vaults of cellars below the left side of the house and a stone entrance portal with a central corridor. A further reconstruction, Rennaissance, might be connected with the ridged vaulting of some rooms. The most significant reconstruction was carried out in the Baroque period and is connected for example with a built-in staircase and joist constructions of rooms with flat ceilings. During Classicism the joist ceilings were covered with reed ceilings and the facade was newly renovated.
Development of facade:
There were not any findings from the Middle Ages and Renaissance period, apart from the preserved Gothic-Renaissance entry portal. In the early-Baroque period, around half-17th century the present gable articulated with three pilasters and volutes all over the sides, finished in a rugged triangle-shape extention was built. The smooth surface of the facade was articulated with the slightly protruded plastic corner rustic-work at different length. The original coloured articulation: white-and-grey. In the Classicism period the surface was rough-plastered with the articulation of the lizen system.
Window holes were framed with band shams with tassels, volutes and shell-shapes. The window ledges were decorated with caparisons, and the parterre was articulated with the rustic-work. The oldest discovered coloured articulation: grey-and-white. During the restoration done in 1995 partly damaged plaster layers in the Classicism style were removed in a large extent. The covered silicate paint seems to be opticly unfavourable. The coloured articulation (inspired with an older state) does not respect the logical structure of tectonic articulation of tha facade in the united colour of lizens and groundfloor rustic-work.
- a Gothic - Rennaissance entrance portal
- joist ceilings with preserved ochre lining of the ceiling perimeter from the early-Baroque period
- a larger number of sculleries ( 3 - 4 )
- under the present classical facade there was discovered an early-Baroque articulation with decorated pilasters and cornices, which was covered with the Rennaissance plastic pitch-faced facade
- a simple collar beam roof truss with purlins, now a part of the attic
- a conspicuously plastic Baroque door frame was removed during the reconstruction in 1994
- a mural: Madonna with St. Jan Nepomucký kneeling in front of
History of the House Residents:
The first owner of the house, a blacksmith Havel, is mentioned in 1556. In 1563 a tailor Jiří or Jiljí Hiersch came there, followed by a gingerbread-maker Jakub Prunner. Afterwards Mariana Prunner looked after the house in 1621 and later a shopkeeper Hans Lentl lived there. In 1651 a merchant and gingerbread-maker Jiří Sin, who supplied goods to the castle of Český Krumlov, settled there. His wife Veronika Sin kept the house until 1706. In this year a court trumpet player Daniel Brejcha moved there and stayed there to 1730, followed by Jan Karel Stephan.
In the years 1756 - 1762 the house was owned by a Prague burgess Václav Horský, who was followed by Urban Schaufler and from 1768 Jan Koprziva ran his soap trade there. His family lived in the house to 1784, followed by a tailor Šimon Stifter. Another tailor, Lorenc Reisinger, owned the house from 1793 and his kin lived there at least to the 1840s. In 1927 Karel Pecho established a hairdresser's in the house.