Latrán No. 15

Latrán No. 15, overview, foto: Lubor Mrázek Location :
Latrán No. 15

Description of the Building:
Three story building located on a narrow sloping plot of trapezoid-shaped land under the castle rock cliff. The house has a small courtyard wing beginning in the front part of the house that defines the narrow courtyard. The front of the house (on the ground floor) has three arches, the central one being the entrance to the house. There are visible remains of painted decoration on the facade. The second story stands on ancons and has sgraffito rustic. The third story has a smooth-surfaced facade with an illusion of a corner quoin. The ridge of the hipped roof covered with shingles is orientated upright towards the street line. The floor plan of the two cellar rooms does not correspond to that of the ground floor. There is a barrel vault in both of them and a well. The ground floor is a two-wing space with barrel vaults. On the left side, there is a room decorated with mural paintings from the beginning of the fifteenth century that partially cover small fragments of a Renaissance ornamental painting. The right side had been divided in order to obtain an entrance corridor with a stairway leading to the second story. The space in the rear is cellar-like and has barrel vaults. The second story ceilings are plain, the hall has a lacunar in the ceiling plaster. Other rooms have Renaissance barrel vaults with groins and their floor plan is similar to the ground floor. The label molding in the courtyard wing room is probably Gothic. The third story has a similar interior layout as the second. The central space also has a Renaissance vault. The collar beam truss is simple, and there is a space surrounded by wooden walls in the rear of the attic with inscriptions dating from the beginning of the nineteenth century. The courtyard wing is covered with a flat roof that served as a terrace.

Latrán no. 15, semi-overview, condition before reconstruction Latrán no. 15, semi-overview, foto: Lubor Mrázek

Architectural and Historical Development :

The ground floor of the cellar does not correspond to the ground floor because the cellar is a part of the oldest, that is Gothic, period of construction. Based on the mural paintings, the ground floor would have been constructed in the beginning of the fifteenth century. The Gothic building probably stood next to the street, the central part of the house used to be a courtyard that separated the building from the second building in the back. During the Renaissance reconstruction, most of the courtyard was covered and the rear vaulted space was built.

Latrán No. 15, ground floor, Gothic murals with figures of saints, Master of the Zátoň Altar, early 15th century, foto: Lubor Mrázek Latrán No. 15, ground floor, Gothic murals with figures of saints, Master of the Zátoň Altar, early 15th century, foto: Lubor Mrázek

The third story is probably also of Renaissance origin. The Classicist modifications brought the plastered soffits which, especially on the second story, may be hiding a Renaissance truss ceiling. The truss of the double-pitched roof originally covered the entire building and was built during the Baroque or (rather) Renaissance period. More recent hip hints at the existence of a gable facing the street. During the nineteenth century, the truss above the courtyard wing was taken down and the terrace built.

Significant Architectural Features:

  • Paintings and sgraffito on the facade
  • Granite ancons
  • Small entrance portal with the door
  • The well in the cellar
  • Gothic mural paintings on the ground floor depicting St. Vojtěch, St. Vitus, St. Václav, St. Zikmund, St. Ludmila, St. Prokop, St. Veronika, Purgatory and Calvary; also fragments of Renaissance mural paintings and Gothic depository caskets
  • All Renaissance vaults with groins
  • Gothic label molding on the second story
  • Classicist ceiling soffits
  • Renaissance or Baroque truss
  • Wooden walls surrounding the loft space of a Classicist origin
  • Original wall and story surfaces (e.g. remains of limestone tiles on the ground floor, brick story of the loft, etc.).

History of the House Residents:
Sword-cutler Partl owned the house after 1500, widow Důra died in 1523. Organ player Florián lived in the house after them, then sold it in 1529 to the painter Lorenc Morgenrot (died in 1534). Locksmith Simandl lived here around 1530. In the 1560s, the house belonged to shoemaker Jiří Hertzog who then sold it to gun-maker Vincenc Schindler (died in 1574). In 1576, the house was purchased by the painter Gabriel de Blonde, who is the author of part of the decorative paintings in the castle. The next owner was also a painter - Ondřej Battori. From 1661, the house was owned by the Eggenberg kitchen clerk Jošt Bőlling. Cloth-maker Šebestián Nutschka lived here from 1678. Goldsmith Florián Mayer moved into the house in 1720. The city brewer Jan Měřička owned the house from 1768.

Latrán no. 15, overview, condition before reconstruction Stories And Other Interesting Information:
This is one of the most interesting burgher houses in the city with a high level of authenticity and only a minor share of damaging modern modifications. The ground floor space with mural paintings cannot be compared to anything in burgher architecture. The house was very well restored between 1993 and 1994 including renovation of the wall surfaces, brick story and depository caskets in the walls. The house has great static problems now due to a weakening of the internal walls by installation channels and the construction of a collector.

Present Use:
Zapa Bar, Mystic Stones - Gems & Glass, Renata - ceramic store.